Souadka A(1), Majbar MA(2), El Harroudi T(3), Benkabbou A(3), Souadka A(3)(4).
(1)Surgical Department, National Institut of Oncology, University Mohammed Vth Souissi, Rabat, Medical School, Rabat, Morocco. firstname.lastname@example.org.
(2)Department of General Surgery, University Mohammed Vth Souissi, Rabat, Medical School, Rabat, Morocco.
(3)Surgical Department, National Institut of Oncology, University Mohammed Vth Souissi, Rabat, Medical School, Rabat, Morocco.
(4)Surgical Department, Al Azhar Oncological Center, Rabat, Morocco.
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate oncologic results and satisfaction rate results of pseudocontinent perineal colostomy (PCPC) using Schmidt’s technique in patients undergoing abdominoperineal resection (APR) for managing low rectal adenocarcinoma.
METHODS: From January 1993 and December 2007, One hundred and forty six patients underwent successfully PCPC after abdominoperineal resection for lower rectal adenocarcinoma. There were 75 women, with an average age of 47 years old. All patients received neoadjuvant radiotherapy with or without chemotherapy. Long-term oncological results and satisfaction rate were evaluated.
RESULTS: After a median follow up of 36 months (range 12-156) months, the five-year overall survival and disease free survival rate were 74.6% and 60.3% respectively. Local and distant recurrences occurred respectively in 10 (6,8%) and 29 (20%) patients. Seventy-seven percent (77%) of the patients were highly satisfied with this technique and only one patient was unsatisfied. However, none of them accepted the conversion to an abdominal colostomy neither would have changed PCPC for an iliac colostomy at first intent.
CONCLUSION: This study showed that pseudocontinent perineal colostomy is a safe and reliable pelvic reconstruction technique after abdominoperineal resection for low rectal adenocarcinoma. It provides high degree of patient satisfaction without compromising oncological results. It is a good option in selected patients, especially in Muslim countries.
PMID: 25888423 [Indexed for MEDLINE]
BMC Surg. 2015 Apr 10;15:40. doi: 10.1186/s12893-015-0027-z.