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Definition of patients presenting a high risk of developing peritoneal carcinomatosis after curative surgery for colorectal cancer: a systematic review.

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Honoré C(1), Goéré D, Souadka A, Dumont F, Elias D.

Author information:

(1)Department of Surgical Oncology, Institut Gustave Roussy, Cancer Center, Villejuif, France.

Comment in Eur J Surg Oncol. 2016 Jun;42(6):836-40.

BACKGROUND: In colorectal cancer, complete cytoreductive surgery associated with  hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy achieves encouraging results in early peritoneal carcinomatosis (PC), but this early detection can only be accurately accomplished during a systematic second-look surgery. This costly and invasive approach can only be proposed to selected patients. The objective of this study was to identify risk factors predictive of developing PC after curative surgery for colorectal cancer.

METHODS: After a systematic review of the literature published between 1940 and 2011, all clinical studies reporting the incidence of PC after curative surgery for colorectal cancer were searched for factors associated with the primary tumor that were likely to influence the incidence of recurrent PC.

RESULTS: Sixteen clinical studies were considered informative, all nonrandomized, three prospective and 13 retrospective, including 4-395 patients. Overall, the methodological quality of the reported studies was low. Data were available for the following factors: synchronous PC, synchronous ovarian metastases, perforated primary tumor, serosal and/or adjacent organ invasion, histological subtype, and  positive peritoneal cytology with reported incidences of recurrent PC between 8 and 75%. No study was found that mentioned an impact of lymph node invasion, tumor location, laparoscopy, occlusive tumors, or bleeding tumor on recurrent PC.

CONCLUSIONS: Evidence regarding the incidence of recurrent PC after curative surgery for colorectal cancer is poor. Emerging data indicate three situations that could result in a real higher risk of recurrent PC: synchronous PC, synchronous isolated ovarian metastases, and a perforated primary tumor.

DOI: 10.1245/s10434-012-2473-5

PMID: 23090572  [Indexed for MEDLINE]

Ann Surg Oncol. 2013 Jan;20(1):183-92. doi: 10.1245/s10434-012-2473-5. Epub 2012 Oct 23.

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