Souadka A(1), Mohsine R, Ifrine L, Belkouchi A, El Malki HO.
(1)Surgical Department A, Ibn Sina Hospital, Rabat, Morocco. firstname.lastname@example.org.
INTRODUCTION: A perforation occurring during colonoscopy is an extremely rare complication that may be difficult to diagnose. It can be responsible for acute abdominal compartment syndrome, a potentially lethal complex pathological state in which an acute increase in intra-abdominal pressure may provoke the failure of several organ systems.
CASE PRESENTATION: We report a case of acute abdominal compartment syndrome after perforation of the bowel during a colonoscopy in a 60-year-old North African man with rectal cancer, resulting in respiratory distress, cyanosis and cardiac arrest. Our patient was treated by needle decompression after the failure of cardiopulmonary resuscitation. An emergency laparotomy with anterior resection, including the perforated sigmoid colon, was then performed followed by immediate anastomosis. Our patient remains alive and free of disease three years later.
CONCLUSION: Acute abdominal compartment syndrome is a rare disease that may occasionally occur after a colonoscopic perforation. It should be kept in mind during colonoscopy, especially considering its simple salvage treatment.
J Med Case Rep. 2012 Feb 6;6:51. doi: 10.1186/1752-1947-6-51.